Intacs corneal implants is an FDA approved option for the keratoconus patient that is an exciting option for individuals experiencing an intolerance to contact lens and are facing a corneal transplant. Intacs corneal implants may be the best possible option to stabilize the cornea, improve vision and potentially defer the need for a corneal transplant.
Intacs are thin prescription inserts that cause light rays to focus on the retina properly by gently changing the curvature of the cornea. With Intacs, there is no cutting or permanent tissue removal involved, and Intacs the procedure is modifiable and reversible. Patients who are contact lens intolerant because of keratoconus may have great success with Intacs surgery.
Frequently Asked Questions About Intacs:
Q: How do Intacs improve vision?
A These small sterile plastic rings are placed under the surface of the cornea, reshaping the curvature of the cornea, giving it a more natural shape. Due to the onset and progression of keratoconus, the weakened cornea looses its natural dome-like shape. As a result, the light rays entering the eye are no longer focused properly, impairing one’s ability to see images clearly. Intacs are specially designed inserts, made of medical plastic, which are surgically placed under the surface of the cornea. Due to their unique patented design, Intacs are able to remodel the architecture of the cornea re-establishing a more natural dome-like shape and improving one’s vision.
Q: How does Intacs compared to a corneal transplant?
A A corneal transplant is an invasive eye surgery that requires removal of the cornea and replacement with a donor tissue. With Intacs, there is no tissue removal, and there is also no risk of transplant rejection. The recovery time is very short with Intacs, and vision is improved immediately.
Q: What other methods of treatment are there for keratoconus?
A Early stage keratoconus can be fixed with contact lenses or glasses. Rigid gas permeable contact lenses are sometimes used to brace the cornea bulge. In its most advanced stage, corneal transplant or DSEK are the only treatment options.
Self Evaluation Test
- Do you notice a flaring distortion around light sources?
- Do you have to squint in order to read?
- Are you sensitive to light?
- Does your eye itch frequently?
- Do contact lenses sometimes fall out of your eyes?
- Do you see ‘ghost’ images, i.e. multiple images of something spread in a random pattern?
If you answered “Yes” to these questions, particularly the last two, then you should consult with your ophthalmologist to evaluate your vision care needs.